Chinese Martial Arts
Quan training occur in several stages:
Two man forms
tries to train the student to be efficient in close quarter combat.
The stance training and stepping exercises develops quick and continuous
attacks. The movements are laconic using both long and short body movements
that starts sharp and concise and often finish with an elbow and at
the same time keeping the lower part of body stable.
Each of the forms and application
builds on the following concepts:
In addition, there are also grappling,
wrestling and chi kung techniques and therefore Baji is considered to
be a complete style.
stances are low and wide compare to Shaolin stances. Stationary training
focus on four stances: horse stance (弓步,mabu),
the bow and
arrow stance (马步),
half horse stance (半马步)
and the empty stance (虚步).
The horse stance is slightly wider to allow more movement in delivering
a front punch. The bow and arrow stance (马步)
is similar to the Shaolin stance with 60 percent of the weight on the
front leg but the power issuing from the back leg during the change
from horse stance to bow and arrow stance. In the half horse stance,
the weight distribution (60%) is shifted to the back leg. In the empty
stance, almost all the weight (90%) is distributed on the back leg.
training focus initially the weight distribution but are later training
will incorporate hand techniques and their potential applications. For
example, from horse stance the student can practice the various palm
and elbow techniques.
the forms of the Bear and the Tiger into the Spirit
Harnessing the Eight Extreme forces of the Earth as Energy
stepping can be described as
moving like a bear with the spirit of the tiger. During stepping training,
the practitioner learn how to shift their center of gravity quickly
and effectively while covering distance and executing a technique.
step ( 熊步
the student to slowly walks in a low crouch. The body weight should
always be on the front leg. The spine should be straight and the up
body relaxed in a natural manner. This is known as the "Bear"
stance because as you move to sway your hands lightly as you move and
try to capture the image of a bear. The movement can also be performed
by stepping diagonally. The practitioner moves from side to side but
maintains the same weight distribution and body posture as in the bear
虎膀 ) requires the
practitioner to execute a punch with both hands stretched
out while lunging forward. The technique requires the power to issue
from the twisting of the hip and the stretching of the shoulder rather
than the arm. During practice, both arms should remain relaxed and slightly
bend at all times.
stepping techniques requires the student to switch between the basic
stances while moving. For example, from bear stepping to bow and arrow
stance while executing a punch.
practicing the various forms, the general rule is to "keep the body
straight and use spine as an axis". Each form incorporates movements
that involves the shoulders, back, elbows, pelvis. All the Sets are
short but rich and try to teach the students to understand the combat
principles of da (hit), shuai (throw arm like wheep), na (grasp, catch)
and tui (push).
In traditional training, there forms
for Baji are
- Liuzhoutou ("6 ends of elbows")
- Jin Gang Ba Shi (gold-steal eight
forms) is the basic routine
- Ba Ji Xiao Jia (Ba Ji Short Form)
which requires one to be stable and firm in his stance while training
their grappling and striking abilities.
- Dai Ba Ji(Ba Ji Long form)trains
footwork to be quick and easily maneuverable. While at the same time
learns about how a hard step could increase power of a move dramatically.
This would allow the practitioner to learn how to draw power from
the whole body into one technique. The main offensive moves used in
this routine is predominantly wrestling ones.
- Baji duijie is a two-man sparring
routine which explains application of some of the techniques
- Liudakai ("6 big openings" or
"making 6 holes") - means ding (thrust by elbow or knee), bao (embrace),
dan (carry on the pole or yoke), ti (hold, carry), kua (step over)
and chan (wind round)
- Badaizhou ("8 big methods") are
advanced forms that contains more specialized techniques pertaining
to this style.
- Yingshouquan ("fist of answering
hands", contains 48 big blocks and 64 hand methods)
- Gonggong baji ("bajiquan of steel
- Baji shuanggui ("2 ruts of bajiquan")
- yezhan dao ("broadsword of night
- ti liu piaoyao dao ("carring
the broadsword of fluttering willow")
- liuhe daqiang ("big spear of
- liuhe huaqiang ("blossom spear
of six coordinations")
- lianhuan jian ("continuous sword")
- jiugong chunyan jian ("sword
og nine palaces of pure yang")
- danzhi gou ("sole hook")
- baji jian ("sword of baji")
- duizha daliuheqiang ("mutual
thrusts by big spears of six coordinations")
- yezhan jiumen shisan daodian
("thrusts of 13 broadswords of 9 gates of night fighting").