Chinese Martial Arts
Yi - Introduction
Hsing I Ch'uan (Wade/Giles), Hsing Yi Chuan, XingYi Quan (PinYin),
Shape and Intention boxing, Xingyi Liuhe quan (Heart Intention and
six combinations), Yi Chuan (Intention boxing), Da Cheng Quan (Great
achievement fist), Sum Yi Quan (Heart Intention).
Liuhe Quan (Mind, Intention, Six Harmonies Fist) is a martial art
developed in Henan Province among Chinese Moslems (Hui). This style,
along with Cha Quan and Qi Shi Quan (Boxing of Seven Postures), is
sometimes known as "Jiao Men Quan" ("righteous or religious boxing").
In the past, religious leaders have used their training in this martial
art to protect those of the Islamic faith. As a precaution, this style
was seldom publicized. For more than two centuries, its practice was
limited to within the Moslem communities in Northern China. Overtime,
because of its effectiveness, the style spread to the native Chinese
(Han nationality). At the turn of this century, Hsing Yi fighters
such as Che Yonghong and Guo Yunshen ("The Divine Crushing Fist")
acquired considerable reputation due to their success in many national
open martial art contests. As a result, Hsing Yi now takes its place
besides Bagua, Tai Chi and Lu Hop Bai Fai - as one of the four great
Internal martial arts of China. Now, the practice of Hsing Yi can
be found all over the world.
style has been known by many names throughout history. Xinyi Liuhe Quan
is one of its oldest names; it evokes the inherent characteristics of
the student trains the mind (Xing) to control the body (Yi). This
connects the inner, internal power (Nei Gong) with the outer, external
shape (Wai Xing). the form or "shape" of the movements is the outward,
physical manifestation of the "shape" of one's intent.
- In practise, the student trains
the mind (Xing) to control the body (Yi). This connects the inner,
internal power (Nei Gong) with the outer, external shape (Wai Xing).
The form or "shape" of the movements is the outward, physical manifestation
of the "shape" of one's intent :
- heart and mind act act as
- mind and chi combine
- chi and strength are together
The three outer harmonies state
- shoulder turns with the hip
- elbow and knee act in unison
- hand moves with the foot
- In application, the practitioner
strives to be aggressive and to develop an active and explosive offence.
The direction of the movement forms is direct and linear. According
to the principles of this style, attacking with clear intent serves
as the best defence, and attack and defence occur simultaneously.
Action and movement are tight and compact, limiting any openings for
in all styles of Hsing Yi focuses on the repetitive practice of single
movements that are later combined into more complicated, linked forms.
A familiar adage of Hisng Yi is that "the hands do not leave the (area
of the) heart, and the elbows do not leave the ribs." There are kicks
in the style, but the kicks are low and direct. Great emphasis is placed
upon the ability to generate power with the whole body and focus it
into one pulse, which is released in a sudden burst.
primary styles of Xinyi Quan are practiced in different regions of China.
The styles (or families) are the Shanxi, the Hebei, and the Henan. Each
style of Xinyi Quan is distinctly different in essence and in appearance.
The Shanxi and Hebei methods are based upon the five elements and the
twelve animal styles, although the names of the animals sometimes vary
a bit from family to family. The Henan style does not emphasize the
five elements and only ten animals. One major branch of martial arts
arising from Xingyi is Yi Quan and Dacheng Quan. Both styles were founded
by Wang Xiangzhai in the 1930's. The training and emphasis of both Yi
Quan and Dacheng Quan are different enough for them to be considered
distinct, but related systems.