Baji ch'uan (Giles-Wade), pachi, 八极拳,
Japanese: hakkyokuken, direct
translation: Eight Extremes Fist. "kaimen baji quan" ("Fist of Opening
Gates of Eight Limits"), "Yueshan baji quan" ("Yueshan's Fist of Eight
Quan, also known as the kaimen baji quan (open-door eight extremes boxing),
is a very respected traditional Chinese boxing schools. The word "kaimen"
("opening the door") is used because the sense of technique is six methods
of opening ("liu da kai" - "six big opennings"), intended for break
down the defence ("the doors") of enemy. The word "Yueshan"
refers to Yueshan temple of Jiaozuo county of Henan province (a place
of origin attributed to this style). In the past, "bajiquan" was also
known as "bazi quan" ("Fist of Targets"), "bazi quan" ("Fist of Hyerogliph
`Eight'") and "bazi quan" (Rake fist). During the Qing dynasty, bajiquan
was popular in Cang county of Hebei province and in the neighbouring
counties of Yanshan, Nanpi and Ninqjin.