Quan is an extremely practical style and its philosophy reflects this
emphasis on practicality. The original name for this style was translated
as "Rake Fist" to describe the hand form of during the execution
of the technique. The use of the name "eight extreme" refers
to the more sophisticated explanation of the basis of the style.
is a term used in the ancient book, 'Huainanzi' ( ²a«n¤l, Book of the
Prince of Huai Nan by Liu An c. 140 BC). The book states that between
the Heavens and the Earth there are nine 'Jio' (regions) and eight 'Ji'
(spaces); beyond the eight 'Ji' there are eight 'Yan' (stretching or
extentions into the far distance); beyond the eight 'Yan' there are
eight 'Hong' (breadth or limits). Baji was said to be something which
spreads and extends out to infinity. Also, in the "Huainanzi", it says:
"Big roads stretch far, reach eight limits". These concept is then
applied to the practice and training of this style. For example, the
use of force is explosive pushing outwards in all directions.
In the horse stance and the bow
and arrow stance. Baji practitional take advantage of both the force
of gravity (重力)
and torque (旋力)
to generate the applied force of sinking jing (沉坠劲)
and crossing jing (十字劲).