Village, Chenjiagou ('Chen' - surname, 'Jia' - the family of, 'Gou'
- gully or ravine, because the village lies in a gully not far from
the Yellow River) is considered by all practitioners to be at the source
and origins of taijiquan. Chen Village is located in Wenxian county,
east of Wen, Henan.
history of Chen Style Taichiquan can be traced back to the legendary
founder Chen Bu (1368? - ????), , 陈卜
, aa scholar and martial artists
originally from Shanxi. He trained the village in a style that predated
taichiquan, which allowed Chenjiagpu to bring peace to the region. The
Chen family shifted to Henan province in 1374.
proponents of the Chen style include:
- Chen Wang
, an officer in the Ming Dynasty.
He was considered to be the ninth-generation descendent of Chen Bu.
He was credited as being the creator of the Chen Fist, broadsword
and spear arts.
- Chen Suo
Le (1368-1644) the father of the twins: Chen Shen Ru and Chen
- Chen Jingbai
(1796-1821) a famous armed escort in Shandong province.
- Chen Chang-Xing
credited with the creation
of the "Old Frame" of Chan style Tai Chi. He was considered
to be the teacher of Wang Zhongyue, 王宗岳,
also from Shanxi and Yang Lu Chan.
- Chen You
Ben credited with
the creation of Xin Jia, or "new" frame of Chen style Tai Chi.
- Chen Ching
Ping (1795-1868) promoted the Zhao Bao Style.
- Chen Kung
Yuen a noted as the instructor of the household of Yuan Shi
Kai (the last emperor of China).
- Chen Miao
(1841-1926) one of the best Chen stylist.
- Chen Fake
(1887-1957) the first person known to teach the Xin Jia (New Frame)
system outside of Chen's Village.
modern Chen style is actively promoted and practiced worldwide. The
Chen Village is still the acknowledged centre of Chen style Tai Chi.
style of Tai Chi most practiced today is the Yang Style. The origins
and history of this style start with
- Yang Lu
, studied and modified the Chen style into a new type of T'ai Chi.
He eliminated the difficult jumps and leaps, explosions of strength,
and vigorous foot stamping, and refocused training on the understanding
of internal power.
- Yang Pan-Hou
(1837 - 1892) the eldest son of Yang Lu Chan and the teacher of Wu
Quan You (Wu Style). He taught the style known as Guang Ping Yang
taijiquan and developed a T'ai Chi form known as "Xiao Jia" (Small
- Yang Chein
Hou (1839 - 1917) is the second son of Yang Lu-ch'an.
- Yang Shao
Hao (1862 - 1929) is the oldest son of Yang Chien Hou.
- Yang Cheng
Fu (1883 - 1936) is the son of Yang Chien Hou. He is reputed
to have taught hundreds of students and popularized Taiji throughout
on the history of the Yang style is available in the next section.
The Yang style is popular
because of its compact form, its grace and beauty of movement, and the
ease with which it can be practiced. It has caught on in other parts
of the world as well, with Yang-style taijiquan clubs and associations
springing up everywhere.
are many other T'ai Chi styles that vary in principle, form and function.
We will describe the main styles that are popular today, but you should
note that many other styles and practitioners have not been documented.
Wu Yu Xiang
(1812-1880) was a native of Yung Nien, the home County of Yang-style
founder, Yang Lu Chan. He later went to Chen village to study with Chen
Qing Ping of Zhao Bao Village.This style is characterized by compact,
rounded, precise, and high standing postures.
Li I Yu
(1832-1892) learned the art of Taijiquan from his uncle Wu
Yu Xiang. Li Style had the characteristics of the small frame Wu Style,
but also some similarities with the medium frame Wu Style.
Zhen (1849 - 1920) was a student of Li I yu. Hao Style used
a fast form to teach the students to recognize and apply power.
Sun Lu Tang
(1861-1932) learnt taiji from the Hao Wei Chen. He developed a new
style by combining taiji principles with his knowledge of Bagua and
Hsing-I. Sun's taijiquan teaches high-standing posture and emphasis
on opening, closing and active stepping.
(1870-1942) a student of Yang Lu Chan and Yang Pan Hau. He popularized
a style known as Zhong Jia" ("medium frame"). This style is popular
in Hong Kong and South East Asia.
Chieh (1890-1964) was a student of Yang Cheng Fu and Li Xiang
Yun. He created the Tung family taichiquan and teaches a fast style
of T'ai Chi for advance taiji practitioners.
Ching (1901-1975) was a student of Yang Cheng Fu. He was
instrumental in promoting T'ai Chi in North America. He taught a modified
form of T'ai Chi with 37 moves, which is now known as Ching Men Ching