Fu (1842–1909) also known as Te An Shou P'eng,
as well as "Shou Yin" ("Little Yin") because of his size. He was born
inJixian county of Hebei province. Yin started studying with Dong
in the mid 1860’s and was Dong’s first and by far his longest serving
student . He spent twenty years with Dong, some times collecting taxes
for the Court in Inner Mongolia. History records that the teacher
and student practiced morning, noon, and night, and it was during
that time that Yin learned the entire system. He popularized the Tornado
Palm and Ox Tongue Palm techniques of the Bagua system.
1900, during the evacuation of the capital due to the Boxer's Rebellion,
he was appointed the head bodyguard of the Empress Dowager and the
Guang Xu emperor. After government returned to Beijing, Yin continued
in the employ as head of the royal guard. When he retired, he was
succeeded in his position by Gong Baotian, one of his more accomplished
disciples. He died when he was 70 years old. His two sons later moved
to Shandong province.
style and flavour of Bagua that Yin Fu began to teach became known
as Yin Style Bagua.
Students: Men Baozhen (1870-1957),
Hua (1848-1900) was
from Cheng village of Sun district, Hebei Province. He opened a spectacle
shop in Beijing and thus earned the nickname "Yanjing Cheng" (Spectacle
Cheng). Cheng was very fond of the martial arts and studied many different
styles. He was particularly proficient at Chinese Shuai Jiao (wrestling)
before studying with Dong Haichuan. He started to train with Dong
Haichuan when he was 28 years old. He trained in Bagua for 10 years
before reaching a certain level of proficiency.
In 1894, Cheng together with his
good friends, Liu Dekuang, Li Cunyi and Liu Weixiang, created a synthesis
martial art known as Taiji Bagua by combining the theories of baguazhang,
xingyiquan and taijiquan.
was short but strong and was described as having an impulsive nature.
It is said that many famous fighters challenged Cheng but no one could
defeat him. He favourite technique is the "'Single Pounding Palm"
(Dan Zhuang Zhang) whihc allowed him to throw his opponents in a single
movement. Cheng was also known for his fluid 'Dragon Claw' which inspired
many styles of Ba Gua such as Dragon Style, You Shen (Swimming Body
Ba Gua), Gao style, Jiu Gong Zhang (Nine Palaces), and Jiang Rongqiao's
style. Cheng's teachings appears to be different from Yi Fu's because
Dong tailored his teachings to suit the nature and martial arts background
of his students.
July 1900, foreign troops entered Beijing. Legends has it that Cheng
took the responsiblity of defending the people from the invasion.
At the sight of a dozen or so soldiers, he set forth to meet them
with only two daggers. His pupils tried to stop him, but to no avail.
It was later found that Cheng single-handedly killed ten or more soldiers,
but he died of multiple bullet wounds during the struggle. Another
story described how Cheng was killed by German Soldiers in 1900 during
the boxer rebellion. In this story, Cheng was being work press ganged
into a work detail so he pulled a short knife and was shot jumping
over a wall in an attempt to escape.
Students : Cheng
Yulung (eldest son, 1875-1928), Sun Lu Tang (1861-1932), Liu Dekuan,
Gao Yi Sheng
Chang Chan Kuei (1859-1940),
also known as Chang Chao Tung (Zhang Zhao Dong).
Ma Gui (1854 -1940), Nicknamed
"Short Ma" and "Wooden Ma". Dong also taught Ma the back the fist
system. This falls outside the main structure of Bagua Zhang. He was
also a student of Yin Fu before meeting Dong. Ma Gui was skilled at
Crab Palm and Dian Xue (Pressure-Point Fighting). He practiced the
Unicorn style of Bagua.
Peiqi (1920 - ), Fu Zhen Song, Wang Peishang
Ma Wei Chi (1851 - 1880)
owned a shop in Beijing selling coal and briquettes and he was therefore
nicknamed "Mei Ma" or Coal Ma". Many storeis records that he practiced
Baguazhang everyday by walking circles around a coal heap.
Students: Yan Ju-Lin
Liu Feng Chun (1855 - 1922)
Liu De Kuan was also a
student of Chang Ting Hua. Established the Liu style of Bagua Zhang.
Song Chang Rong. First
teacher of Gao Yi Sheng.
Fan Zhi Yong (1840 – 1922)
was of Manchu nationality. He started martial arts practice since
childhood and for eight years learnt mainly Shaolin boxing and Tan
Students : Fan Fenglan (daughter,
1884 – 1967).
Liang Zhen Pu (1863-1932).
Liang was Dong Haichuan's youngest student. He studied Tan Tui (a
kicking style) from age 7 to 14. In 1877, he became Dong Haichuan's
student. He studied with Dong for about five years and also learned
from Cheng Ting Hua , Yin Fu, Shih Chi Tung, and Liu Feng Chun. Pu
is the only student of Dong Haichuan to be buried next to his tomb.
Students : Li Ziming (1902-1993).
Liu Baozhen (1861 - 1922)
He was skilled in using dao broadsword, so people called him "Feidao
Liu" (Liu - flying sabre). During childhood he studied chuojiao (wrestling)
from Zhang and Ma. Later he studied from Tung Hai Ch'uan.
Li Cun Yi (1849 - 1921)
was born in 1847 in Hebei province, Shen county. He was from a poor
family, becoming a cart driver as a young boy and later opening his
own bodyguard service. Li was known as "Jeweler Li" and "Single Saber
Li" for his expertise with the broadsword. He was already an Hsing
Yi expert (student of Liu Qi Lan) before studying Bagua with Chen
Ting Hua and Dong.
Quan Kai Ting was a Manchu
soldier and was considered to be one of the first students of Dong.
He was a good painter, he drew the only existed portrait of Dong Haichuan.
Shi Ji Dong (1835-1908)
was nicknamed Zhenbang. People called him "Shi Liu" (Shi the
6th). He was born in Jxian county of Hebei province. During childhood
he studied tantui and was skillful in continuous kicking. Yin Fu advised
him to study from Tung hai Ch'uan. At the end of his life Tung lived
in his house and his wife became an adopted daughter of Tung.
Wei Ji Xiang